Many people start their mornings with a strong cup of espresso, and some replace breakfast with a refreshing beverage. But drinking coffee the wrong way can have a negative effect on your nervous and digestive systems. If you know when to drink coffee, before or after you eat, you can enjoy it without compromising your health.
Coffee and circadian cycles
Caffeine increases the amount of cortisol in the blood. This is the stress and attention hormone. Its levels fluctuate throughout the day, peaking at 8-9 a.m., then at noon and 5-18 p.m. During these periods the nervous system does not need artificial stimulation.
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But after each peak there is a decline. At this time, drowsiness and a decrease in performance are observed. A small dose of caffeine, contained in a portion of coffee or a few slices of dark chocolate, can spur the body.
Lots of cortisol in the blood and within 1-2 hours of waking up. If you drink coffee at this time, you will gradually develop a dependence on caffeine
and the small doses will stop working. It is correct to drink coffee in the morning, 2 hours after sleeping.
Everyone has a different sensitivity to caffeine, for some its invigorating effect lasts up to 5-6 hours. Espresso and other strong coffee drinks are allowed only in the morning, while after dinner you may have a latte, but not later than 2-3 hours before going to bed.
Coffee in the morning: benefit or harm
Coffee drinks are traditionally reserved for the first half of the day, because it is better not to drink a double espresso in the afternoon, so as not to suffer from insomnia at night. In the morning the natural drink of vivacity improves performance, raises the mood, speeds up the metabolism and contributes to the loss of excess weight. Healthy people will not suffer if you drink it in moderation and not on an empty stomach.
On an empty stomach
Gastroenterologists remind: do not drink coffee on an empty stomach, otherwise the consequences will be soon to come. The chlorogenic acids it contains stimulate the secretion of gastric juice. When there is nothing left to digest, the stomach walls suffer. If morning coffee without food becomes a habit, gastritis and ulcers can develop.
Caffeine not only affects the stomach, but also the intestines, increasing peristalsis. The laxative effect of espresso drunk in the morning on an empty stomach is particularly pronounced. Over time, the digestive tract will become “lazy” and stop doing its job properly.
Coffee on an empty stomach reduces the absorption of vitamins and minerals that will come with food throughout the day. This also applies to vitamin and mineral complexes.
Absolutely healthy people can drink coffee on an empty stomach in the morning, and after a maximum of 10 minutes eat something healthy. It can be porridge, yogurt or an omelet. Those who do not like a hearty breakfast should eat at least a sandwich, a bun or bread.
Many people are used to finishing their meals with a cup of hot drink with dessert, not thinking about whether it is healthy or not to drink coffee immediately after a meal. Immediately after a meal, it is not a good idea.
There are several reasons for this restriction:
- Any liquids, including those based on coffee beans, reduce the concentration of gastric juice. As a consequence, there will be heaviness in the stomach or bloating.
- Caffeine awakens feelings of hunger, and soon you will be hungry again. Frequent eating overloads the digestive organs and leads to excessive weight gain.
- The diuretic effect of coffee beans causes dehydration when consuming the invigorating drink immediately after a main meal. It takes time for fluids to be absorbed in the intestines.
You can drink coffee after a meal after 30-60 minutes. The optimal time interval is an hour and a half. You should drink half a glass of clean cool water beforehand to prepare the taste buds. It is also better to finish your coffee drinking with a few sips of water.
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Consuming a cold espresso (with ice) will cause the food to move through the digestive tract without being fully digested.
What you should not drink with coffee
It is undesirable to drink coffee after eating fatty and fried food. It turns out a double blow to the entire digestive system: stomach, liver, pancreas and intestines. Fats and caffeine contribute to high blood sugar levels. Consuming them together frequently increases the risk of diabetes.
These recommendations are especially true when consuming dairy coffee with sugar and a 3-in-1 packaged product.
After consuming a fatty meal, elevated sugar levels persist for 5 hours. During this period, it is better to give up coffee.
The best time for a cup of coffee is in the morning, an hour and a half after breakfast. Not earlier than 30 minutes after dinner, you can drink a weak coffee drink. After fatty and fried food, it is better to make tea.